WATAUGA AMATEUR RADIO CLUB
Watauga Amateur Radio Club PO Box 2208 Boone, NC 28607
Club Repeaters:  Boone, NC  Rich Mountain WW4L    147.36  +600 KHZ 103.5 Hz tone   WA4NC  443.0375 +5.0 MHz   DMR Digital  Sugar Mountain WA4NC  442.0875  +5.0 MHz  DMR Digital  Beech Mountain WA4NC  444.5750   +5.0 MHz  151.4 Tone
1. Contact the National Weather Service at:     a. 1-800-221-2856 (For Severe Weather Reports)         1-540-552-0084 (non-severe weather information)     b.  Amateur Radio (Watauga WW4L 147.36)     c.  E-mail: rnk.skywarn@noaa.gov (used for          delayed reports or non-time critical events          like snowfall totals)                 f.  Internet:           http://www.srh.noaa.gov/StormReport_new/SubmitReport.p           hp?site=rnk 2. Identify Yourself as a SKYWARN spotter:      a. “I am a SKYWARN spotter” 3.  Provide Your location:      a. An exact address: “1750 Forecast Drive, Blacksburg, VA”      b. If mobile, the nearest intersection: “Forecast Drive and          Tech Center Drive” 4. What to Report:      a. Tornadoes      b. Funnel Clouds      c. ROTATING wall clouds      d. Flash flooding          i. Creeks or streams out of their banks         ii. Water flowing over a road/roads closed             due to flood waters         iii. One inch of rain or more in less than one hour       e. Damage, injuries, or loss of life and/or property           caused by flooding, wind, hail, and tornadoes.        f. Trees, power lines or tree limbs 4” in diameter            or larger downed by winds        g. 50 MPH wind gusts or higher (measured            or estimated)        h. Hail (any size)         i. Snow 1” in depth”, 4” in depth and the            total snowfall when the snow has ended.             Provide the length of time the snow fell         j. Ice that begins to accumulate on roads,            and when it accumulates to ¼” 5. Time:        a. Time of the event        b. Duration of the event
    d.  Facebook (www.fb.com/NWSBlacksburg)      
     e. Twitter @NWSBlacksburg
SKYWARN WARC has completed an MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) with the Blacksburg National Weather Service office authorizing the establishment of a Watauga County Skywarn net. Beginning Sunday, September 4, WARC will sponsor a SKYWARN Information Net.  This net will meet at 8:00 pm on the first Sunday of each month on the WW4L Repeater. A Skywarn net will be activated on the WW4L repeater (147.36  +600  103.5 tone) when a storm watch or warning is issued for Watauga County NC bythe NWS in Blacksburg, VA. When the net is activated, the normal courtesy tone will be replaced with the Skywarn courtesy tone. Watauga County is at the far edge  of Blacksburg’s radar coverage, and mountains create areas not reachable by radar.  Because of this, ground spotters are critical in identifying storm conditions not viable on radar. SPOTTER GUIDELINES from the NWS Spotters checking into the net should review and understand these procedure before checking into the net.
Standby Mode – “Stand-by Mode  means the repeater is free for  normal use, however, a  SKYWARN Net Control  Station will be standing by  for any severe weather  reports.  Please pause  briefly between transmissions  allowing the courtesy tone  to reset & any necessary  weather related traffic to be  passed.” Note:  This mode is used when severe weather is expected but has not arrived or when severe weather has cleared an area.  This mode is normally used during watches. Active Mode – “Active Mode means the repeater is now under a Directed Net.  All traffic should be directed through the Net Control Station.  Severe weather is occurring within or approaching Watauga County.” Note: This mode is used when severe weather is occurring or imminent within the county. This mode is normally used during warnings.  If no information is received, the NCS can elect to downgrade to Standby Mode. Emergency Mode – “The  repeater is under the control  of the Net Control Station.  All traffic is restricted to  emergency or priority traffic  only.  Extreme severe weather  and/or damage is occurring  within the county.” Note: This mode is reserved for extreme weather events or significant damage reports.  This mode should only be  in effect for short time  intervals. Revert to Active  Mode as soon as possible. Severe Weather Reporting Criteria: 1. Rotating wall clouds, funnel     clouds & tornadoes. 2. Hail - initially any size for     a given area, then ¾” “Penny     Size” or larger. 3. Winds that cause damage     to large limbs of live growth,     utility services and/or     structures.  (Please do not     estimate wind speeds) 4. Flash flooding in areas     that are not normally prone     to flooding  during heavy     rain.  (Please do not     estimate rainfall rates.) 5. Significant storm      damage - any      weather-related damage      not covered above. ------------------------------------------------------       Iff you have not yet received Skywarn training, please use this link to take the Skwarn on-line training course. https://www.weather.gov/rnk/skywarn   Members  who already have been trained are encouraged to take the on-lie offering for refresher.
SKYWARN NET OPERATIONAL MODES